The delivery of Class-I and Class-II or Class-III force from intermaxillary hooks is very common in orthodontics. There are various ways for the fabrication of intermaxillary hooks. This article highlights the fabrication and clinical use of a rigid intermaxillary hook for the attachment of intra-maxillary and inter-maxillary elastics during space closure and for Class-II and Class-III molar correction.
The accurate assessment of cranio-facial structures forms an important part of orthodontic diagnosis, for which panoramic and cephalometric radiographs are routinely taken at the beginning of the treatment. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology was developed originally for angiography in 1982, now being applied to maxillofacial imaging.
A Class II malocclusion is the most frequent skeletal problem in orthodontics, as it affects one third of the population. It is identified by having a disharmonious relationship between the maxillary and mandibular bases due to skeletal or dental problems or a combination of both. A mandibular retrusion is its most common characteristic, with 80% of the population displaying this trait.
Precise etching of the enamel surface without over etching or unwanted surface etching is very difficult. To overcome this problem, we have designed a template for etching the enamel surface precisely and only the required area on the enamel surface.
Dental alignment of the arches can facilitate prosthodontic as well as periodontal objectives, a strategy referred to as “facilitative orthodontics”. Molar uprighting is one such challenging facilitative orthodontic procedure that requires proper clinical, radiological, and biomechanical evaluation and a good appliance selection for successful treatment results. A sound knowledge of biomechanics is necessary in order to optimize the clinical outcome of uprighting mechanics
The manipulation of matter at the atomic and molecular scale to create materials with remarkably varied and new properties is a rapidly expanding area of research with huge potential in many sectors, ranging from healthcare to construction and electronics. Nanomedicine involves the utilization of nanotechnology for the benefit of human health and well being.
Since antiquity, clinicians have been in a dilemma regarding the effects of elastics –skeletal/dental? As in the case of Class II elastics, which mimics functional appliances, numerous other questions have been raised in relation to the elastic force, force degradation from time-to-time of latex and non-latex rubber. Present day scientific research has unraveled new doors of knowledge and insight regarding this miniature boon to orthodontics. This review article aims to comprehend and collectively present the clinically relevant aspects of the utilization of elastic force in orthodontics based on a sound scientific rationale.
The activator: simple yet effective functional appliance for skeletal Class II correction: A case report
Class II malocclusions are one of the most common problems in orthodontic treatment. Treatment of class II malocclusion has always been an enigma to the orthodontic fraternity. It ranges from a simple functional appliance to surgical correction.
Identification and study of distribution of various orthodontic parameters is an important problem in public dental health services and it implies a need for rational planning of preventive and therapeutic orthodontic measures. To provide a basis for this planning, it is necessary to carry out epidemiologic studies of malocclusion in various populations and in individuals at various stages of development and from different geographic areas. This epidemiological analysis of orthodontics may also contribute to an understanding of the causes of malocclusion.